3543 – Business – Transportation – Transportation Safety and Emergencies

Policy –
Regulation – x
Exhibit –

Adopted – 7/16/1998
Revised – 2/21/2002

Transportation Safety Plan

The Superintendent or designee shall develop a transportation safety plan to address student safety that includes all of the following: (EC 39831.3)

1.     Procedures for determining if students in grades pre-kindergarten through 8 require escort to cross a private road or highway at a bus stop pursuant to Vehicle Code 22112
2.     Procedures for all students in grades pre-kindergarten through 8 to follow as they board and exit the bus at their bus stops
3.     Procedures for boarding and exiting a school bus at a school or other trip destination

A copy of the plan shall be kept at each school site and made available upon request to the California Highway Patrol.  (Education Code 39831.3)

Safe Bus Operations

School bus operations shall be limited when atmospheric conditions reduce visi-bility on the roadway to 200 feet or less during regular home-to-school trans-portation service.  Bus drivers for school activity trips shall have the authority to discontinue bus operation whenever they determine that it is unsafe to continue operation because of reduced visibility.  (Vehicle Code 34501.6)

School buses and school student activity buses also shall not be operated when-ever the number of passengers exceeds bus seating capacity, except when neces-sary in emergency situations which require that students be moved immediately to ensure their safety.

The Superintendent or designee may place a notice at bus entrances that warns against unauthorized entry.  The driver or another school official may order any person to disembark if that person enters a bus without prior authorization and has intent to commit a crime. (13 CCR 1256.5)

Each school bus shall be equipped with at least one fire extinguisher located in the driver’s compartment that meets the standards specified in law.  (EC 39838)

The Superintendent or designee shall review all investigations of bus incidents and accidents to develop preventative measures.

Student Instruction

All students who are transported in a school bus or student activity bus shall receive instruction in school bus emergency procedures and passenger safety.  (Education Code 39831.5)

1.     Each school year, the Superintendent or designee shall provide appropriate instruction in safe riding practices and emergency evacuation drills. Each student who receives home-to-school transportation in a school bus shall be required to receive this instruction.  (5 CCR 14102)
2.    At least once each school year, all students in grades pre-kindergarten through 8 who receive home-to-school transportation shall receive safety instruction which includes, but is not limited to:  (EC 39831.5)

a.    Proper loading and unloading procedures, including escorting by the driver
b.    How to safely cross the street, highway or private road
c.    The use of passenger restraint systems, including but not limited to the proper fastening and release of the passenger restraint system, acceptable placement of passenger restraint systems on students, times at which the passenger restraint systems should be fastened and released, and acceptable placement of the passenger restraint systems when not in use
d.    Proper passenger conduct
e.    Bus evacuation
f.    Location of emergency equipment

As part of this instruction, students shall evacuate the school bus through emer-gency exit doors.  Instruction also may include responsibilities of passengers seated next to an emergency exit. (EC 39831.5)

Each time the above instruction is given, the following information shall be documented: (EC 39831.5)

a.    District name
b.    School name and location
c.    Date of instruction
d.    Names of supervising adults
e.    Number of students participating
f.    Grade levels of students
g.    Subjects covered in instruction
h.    Amount of time taken for instruction
i.    Bus driver’s name
j.    Bus number
k.    Additional remarks

This documentation shall be kept on file at the District office or the school for one year and shall be available for inspection by the California Highway Patrol. (EC 39831.5)

3.    Before departing on a school activity trip, all students riding on a school bus or student activity bus shall receive safety instruction which includes, but is not limited to:  (Education Code 39831.5)

a.    Location of emergency exits
b.    Location and use of emergency equipment

This instruction also may include responsibilities of passengers seated next to an emergency exit. (EC 39831.5)


The Superintendent or designee shall provide written safety information to the parents/guardians of all students in grades pre-kindergarten through 6 who have not previously been transported in a school bus or school activity bus.  This information shall be provided upon registration and shall include: (EC 39831.5)

1.    A list of school bus stops near each student’s home
2.    General rules of conduct at school bus loading zones
3.    Red light crossing instructions
4.    School bus danger zone
5.    Safety while walking to and from school bus stops

Legal Reference:
39830-39842  Transportation, school buses, especially:
39831.5  Student instruction in bus safety; notifications
39834  Excess of seating capacity
39838  Fire extinguisher on school buses
39842 School bus; unauthorized entry
51202  Instruction in personal and public health and safety
241.3 Assault against school bus driver
243.3 Batter against school bus driver
27316 Passenger restrain systems
34500  California Highway Patrol responsibility to regulate safe operation of school buses
34501.6  School buses; reduced visibility
34508.5  Investigation of accidents
14102  Instruction in bus safety and evacuation
14103  Authority of the driver
1256.5  Notice warning against unauthorized entry on school buses


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