5121 – Student – Student Progress – Grades/ Evaluation of Student Achievement

Policy – x
Regulation –
Exhibit –

Adopted – 11/6/1997
Revised – 3/6/2003
The Governing Board believes that grades serve a valuable instructional purpose by helping students and parents/guardians identify the student’s areas of strength and those areas needing improvement. Parents/guardians and students have the right to receive course grades that represent an accurate evaluation of the student’s achievement.

The teacher of each course shall determine the student’s grade. The grade assigned by the teacher shall not be changed by the Board or the Superintendent except as provided by law, Board policy and administrative regulation. (EC 49066)

Teachers shall evaluate a student’s work in relation to standards which apply to all students at his/her grade level. The Superintendent or designee shall establish and regularly evaluate a uniform grading system, and principals shall ensure that student grades conform to this system. Teachers shall inform students and parents/guardians how student achievement will be evaluated in the classroom.

Grades should be based on impartial, consistent observation of the quality of the student’s work and his/her mastery of course content and objectives. Students shall have the opportunity to demonstrate this mastery through a variety of channels such as classroom participation, homework, tests and portfolios. The Board recognizes that portfolios may be especially useful in assessing how skills, knowledge and thought processes have been combined from a number of different subject areas.

When reporting student grades to parents/guardians, teachers may add narrative descriptions, observational notes and/or samples of classroom work in order to better describe student progress in specific skills and subcategories of achievement.

Behavior, effort and attendance shall be reported in separate evaluations, not in the student’s academic grade.

Unexcused Absences

If a student misses class without an excuse and does not subsequently turn in homework, take a test or fulfill another class requirement that he/she missed, the teacher may lower the student’s grade for nonperformance.

Students with excessive unexcused absences may be given a failing grade and not receive credit for the class(es). Teachers who withhold class credit for this reason shall so inform the class and parents/guardians at the beginning of the semester.

EDUCATION CODE
48070 Promotion and retention
48205 Excused absences
48431.6 Required systematic review
49066 Grades; finalization; physical education class
49067 Mandated regulations regarding pupil’s achievement
51220.3 Extra grade weighting for college admission courses
UNITED STATES CODE, TITLE 20
1232g Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
6101-6251 School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994
COURT DECISIONS
Owasso Independent School District v. Falvo, (2002) 122 S.Ct. 934
Las Virgenes Educators Association v. Las Virgenes Unified School District (2nd Appellate District 2001) 86 Cal.App.4th 1
Swany v. San Ramon Valley Unified School Dist. (N.D.Cal. 1989) 720 F.Supp. 764
Johnson v. Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District Board of Education (App. 2 Dist. 1986) 224 Cal. Rptr. 885, 179 C.A. 3d 593

Management Resources:
CDE PUBLICATIONS
It’s Elementary!, Elementary Grades Task Force Report, 1992
CSBA Date – 3/02

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